Glossary

Index


 
  • 50/50
    50/50 refers to a blend of 50% cotton and 50% polyester. This results in a slightly softer feel and heathered appearance.
  • Acceptable Quality Limit
    An acceptable quality limit (AQL) is a test and/or inspection standard that prescribes the range of the number of defective components that is considered acceptable when random sampling those components during an inspection.
  • AI
    An AI (Adobe Illustrator) is a proprietary file format developed by Adobe Systems for representing vector-based drawings in either the EPS or PDF formats.
  • All over print
    An all over print refers to the printable image size covering the entire surface of a garment.
  • Anchor point
    An anchor point is the position that remains constant on placement.
  • Appliqué
    Appliqué is a decorative process that consists of applying small pieces of cut material to a garment. They can be stitched tightly all around, left partially loose, or backed with foam to give a design added dimension.
  • Arrow Stitch
    This elaborate geometric motif gives you the look of hand-made crochet lace pattern. A fun eye catching touch for any garment.   The arrow stitch is worked by passing the needle in and out of the fabric. Running stitches may be of varying length, but typically more thread is visible on the top of the […]
  • Backing
    Backing is the stiff fabric applied to the inside of a garment to keep the embroidery stitches stable.
  • Bill of Materials
    A bill of materials (or BOM) is a list of the raw materials, sub-assemblies, intermediate assemblies, sub-components, parts and the quantities of each needed to manufacture an end product. A BOM may be used for communication between manufacturing partners, or confined to a single manufacturing plant.
  • Bitmap
    A bitmap is a rasterized image file format based on pixels. Bitmap images will lose clarity when scaled.
  • Black light ink
    Like regular glow in the dark inks, black light inks absorb energy and re-emits it as visible light. Unlike ordinary glow in dark paints, however, the glowing effect is only visible under ultraviolet lights. When viewed in regular light, these ink colors are bright and vivid.
  • Brushing (yarn)
    Yarn is spun and then brushed to create a soft halo effect.
  • Burnout
    Burnout is a fabric technique where a mixed-fibre material undergoes a chemical process to dissolve the cellulose fibers to create a semi-transparent pattern against more solidly woven fabric.
  • Chine-collé
    Multi-media print with a Mono-print plate effect. Every impression is slightly different yet essentially the same. Colors appear almost luminous.
  • Color separation
    Color separation is the process of converting an image into individual color components that can be isolated and printed.
  • Colorway
    Colorway refers to the combination of colors of a design per t-shirt body color.
  • Combing (yarn)
    Fine toothed combs are used to straighten and align each individual fiber parallel to the direction of spinning as the fiber is being spun. Unlike carding, combing cannot be done ahead of time. This produces a very smooth, very compactly spun yarn which is best suited for weaving. When cotton is combed, the shortest, additional […]
  • Compliance
    Compliance is a state in which someone or something is in accordance with established guidelines, specifications, or legislation.
  • Cure
    Cure (curing) refers to the heat process of toughening or hardening a polymer material such as plastisol or waterbased inks.
  • Cut & Sew
    Cut and sew is used to indicate a garment that has been customized from raw fabric rather than one that has been already constructed from a third-party supplier.
  • Design Spec
    A “Design Spec” is a combination of the actual artwork files and a set of instructions pertaining to the graphic.
  • Digitizing
    Digitizing is a process of converting 2-dimensional artwork into stitches.
  • Direct shipping
    Retail direct shipping sends your fleeces and tees to big box stores and their warehouses. Melmarc’s experience and expertise gets your garments correctly packed and sent to the right place. M-Track, Melmarc’s precision tracking software, follows your goods until they get to where they need to go.
  • Discharge ink
    Discharge inks basically use a chemical that removes the dye from the shirt exposing the raw fabric. Similar to Water Based inks, the result allows you to achieve a soft hand.
  • Drop shipping
    Drop shipping means that your garments will be shipped to distribution centers and third party logistics companies who will then handle getting your merchandise out to e-commerce sites and mom & pop stores. Melmarc has the expertise to manage the details of shipping to multiple locations.
  • Dye
    Garment Dye is a special dye that is used to add color to finished garments as opposed to manufacturing garments from pre-dyed yarns or fabrics. The benefits are that garments can be dyed any color.
  • Embellishment
    An embellishment is decorative element that is used to add interest to a garment.
  • EPS
    An EPS (Encapsulated PostScript) is a graphics file format. EPS files are supported by several different vector graphic editing applications.
  • Fastener
    A fastener is used to attach price tickets and/or hang tags to garments. They can range in color, material, and placement on garment.
  • Fill Stitch
    Full Fill is a stitch that allows you to control the density of the fill required. Example, a Full Fill will have a true density and give you maximum coverage. Typically this stitch is used to simulate block letters.   This concept is used by multiple passes by the needle in and out of the […]
  • Flashing
    Flashing is the initial under base coating for an ink color. Flashing is primarily used when a light ink color is printed on a dark colored garment.
  • Flock
    Flock is comprised of small fiber particles that is used to embellish a garment. A special adhesive is applied onto the fabric and flock is sprinkled on the garment to create a raised “fuzzy” effect.
  • Foil
    Foil is a metallic acrylic that is extruded on to a plastic carrier sheet and transferred over a adhesive.
  • Four Color Process
    Four color process (CMYK) printing is a printing process where you begin with finished full color artwork and separate out the artwork into the CMYK format – Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, and Black. The separate films are created and printed with special process inks and the print looks like the original artwork.
  • Full-package printing
    Full-package printing, or complete package printing, is a retail-ready package that includes garment sourcing, embellishments, and packaging.
  • Garment spec
    A Garment spec (Garment specification) is required when a custom made t-shirt blank or garment is to be made.
  • Gel ink
    Gel inks can be printed to add a glossy shine to any graphic. Gel is typically used as an over print of another color or multiple colors to give the ink a gel or wet look. Gel ink is best used to simulate liquid or accent an area of your design. While generally printed clear, […]
  • Glitter ink
    Glitter ink is comprised of an assortment of very small, flat, and reflective particles. When these particles are applied to surfaces, they each reflect light in different angles causing the surface to sparkle or glitter. Glitter is similar to, but smaller than confetti or sequins.
  • Glow in the Dark ink
    Glow in the Dark ink creates a glowing effect in the dark when charged by light. Special chemicals called phosphors are mixed into the ink causing it to absorb energy and re-emit it as visible light. They are best when used on white or light-colored fabrics.
  • Halftone
    A halftone, or halftone image, is an image that uses dots to simulate the tones between light and dark.
  • Hang Tag
    A Hang Tag is a piece of paper or cardboard attached to an article of merchandise giving information about its brand, material, price, and/or proper care.
  • Hanger
    A clothes hanger is designed to facilitate the hanging of a garment in a manner that prevents wrinkles.
  • Heat transfer
    Heat Transfers are special plastisol inks that are screen printed onto transfer paper and then applied to a garment. This process allows the printing of images with complex and intricate details. It also allows for gradient color. Depending on when the transfer paper is removed, the printed surface will be glossy, matte or brushed, with […]
  • Heather
    Heather refers to a blend of yarns in a fabric. It is typically used to mix multiple shades of grey or grey with another color to produce a muted shade (e.g., heather green), but any two colors can be mixed, including bright colors.
  • Hem tag
    A hem tag is a tag that is applied to the edge or hem of a garment. Examples include the hems of t-shirts, sleeves and necks.
  • High Density ink
    High Density is a process that adds texture and depth to a graphic. Plastisol ink is printed through a special screen that corrals the ink within a limited area creating a print that rises up to 1/8 inch above the fabric’s surface.
  • Invisible Black Light
    Clear color that only appears under Black Light conditions. Add a hidden image or slogan over a simple white impression that when under Black Light conditions will Fluoresce. There are 6 invisible Black Light colors available: Inv Blue, Inv Green, Inv Yellow, Inv Violet, Inv Orange and Inv Bright White. Shown to the right, top […]
  • JPEG
    A JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) is a commonly used image compression technique for digital images.
  • Lead time
    Lead time refers to the amount of time between the initiation and execution of a process.
  • Loose Fill Stitch
    The Loose Fill is a stitch that allows you to control the density of the fill required. Example, A Loose fill will expose areas of the fabric showing through. Typically this stitch is used to simulate distressed letters.
  • M-Trac
    M-Trac is a propriety garment tracking and management software system developed by Melmarc. M-Trac follows your garment from the time it is delivered to us until it leaves our facilities and arrives at your retailer’s distribution center, warehouse or third party expediter. With the capacity to handle over 6 million units, Melmarc’s M-Trac system allows […]
  • Makesheet
    A “Makesheet” (also commonly referred to as a “matrix” or “comp”) is the road map that printers use to guide all decisions regarding how to execute your artwork.
  • Manual Stitch
    The Manual stitch is a running stitch that simulates a handmade stitch with the use of an embroidery machine. The stitch can be worked to simulate single or multiple passes by passing the needle in and out of the fabric. Manual stitches may be of varying length, but typically more thread is visible on the […]
  • Mesh count
    Mesh count refers to the number of threads per inch. Lower numbers have larger openings and will deposit more ink. Higher numbers have small openings and will deposit less ink.
  • Metallic ink
    Metallic inks are used to simulate a metal appearance. Metallic inks are similar to foil but without the reflective sheen.
  • Mill Stock
    Mill Stock blanks are t-shirt and fleece garments in pre-existing styles and colors. Suppliers keep large inventory quantities ready for immediate delivery.
  • Minimum order quantity
    Minimum order quantity (MOQ) is the minimum size of an order that is required by the supplier.
  • Neck label
    A neck label is a piece of cloth attached to the neck of a garment containing information about its brand, material, and/or proper care.
  • Open End (yarn)
    Open-end spinning is a technology for creating yarn without using a spindle. The production of spun yarns by a process in which the sliver or roving is opened or separated into its individual fibers or tufts and is subsequently reassembled in the spinning element into a yarn. Open end spinning is usually not as smooth […]
  • Organic cotton
    Organic cotton is cotton grown without the use of synthetic chemicals such as fertilizers or pesticides.
  • Phthalate-free
    Phthalate-free refers to the absence of harmful plasticizers (substances added to plastics) used in PVC formulations.
  • Plastisol
    Plastisol is the standard ink type used in textile printing. It is a PVC resin based ink medium that can be pigmented and is not effected by the environment and must be heat set to fully cure.
  • PMS
    PMS (Pantone matching system) is a standardized color reproduction system. By standardizing the colors, different manufacturers in different locations can all refer to the Pantone system to make sure colors match without direct contact with one another.
  • Poly bag
    A poly bag is a thin plastic bag used for containing and packaging merchandise.
  • Price Ticket
    A Price Ticket is a piece of paper attached to a garment indicating the cost of purchase. It can also provide information pertaining to style, color, size, or country of origin.
  • PSD
    A PSD (Photoshop Document) is an image file format with support for imaging options available in Photoshop.
  • Puff ink
    Puff ink is similar to High Density or Gel inks, but have a much softer “puffy” feel. This effect is created by adding a puff additive to standard Plastisol inks, which makes them expand during the curing/heating process,
  • Purchase Order
    A purchase order (PO) is a document issued by a buyer to a seller, indicating types, quantities, and agreed prices for products or services.
  • Railroad Stitch
    The Railroad stitch is a running stitch that simulates a handmade stitch with the use of an embroidery machine. The stitch can be worked to simulate single or multiple passes by passing the needle in and out of the fabric. Railroad stitches may be of varying length, but typically more thread is visible on the […]
  • Reflective
    Reflective ink is a Phthalate Free ink that gives a Candelas power look typically used on lights with no under base. Using this effect in direct printing it will allow you to achieve a light bounce back effect when light hits it direct, this effect is called “Candle Power”. Can be used on Dark colors […]
  • Rhinestone
    Rhinestones are imitation precious stones usually made from glass or acrylic. Rhinestones are usually applied as a heat transfer.
  • Ringspun cotton
    Ringspun (ring-spun) cotton is made by a process of continuously twisting and thinning the yarn strands making a very fine rope of cotton fibers. The twisting makes the short hairs of cotton stand out, resulting in a stronger yarn with a significantly softer hand.
  • Running Stitch
    The running stitch or straight stitch is the basic stitch in embroidery, on which all other forms of sewing are based. The stitch is worked by passing the needle in and out of the fabric. Running stitches may be of varying length, but typically more thread is visible on the top of the sewing than […]
  • Sample
    A sample, or strike-off, is a test print performed prior to production. Artwork is checked for proper registration, colors, and placement.
  • Satin Stitch
    The Satin Stitch is stitched in a vertical position that is mainly used for letters and support for fill areas. This stitch is a basic stitch in embroidery. The stitch is worked by passing the needle in and out of the fabric. Running stitches may be of varying length, but typically more thread is visible […]
  • Screen
    A screen is made of a piece of woven mesh stretched over a frame. A stencil is formed by blocking off parts of the screen in the negative image of the design to be printed; that is, the open spaces are where the ink will appear on the substrate.
  • Screen printing
    Screen printing is a printing process that uses a mesh screen with an ink-blocking stencil to print a desired image. Ink is forced into the mesh openings as a fill blade or squeegee is moved across the screen stencil, forcing ink through the mesh openings and onto the printing surface.
  • Simulated Process
    Simulated Process is a method of printing photo-realistic images without using the standard CMYK separations. This type of printing is used on medium – dark color garments to simulate four color process.
  • Soft hand plastisol
    Soft hand plastisol is an ink that is designed to produce a softer feel. Like standard plastisol it can print very fine line counts and has good color capabilities.
  • Solar ink
    Solar ink, or sunlight ink, is sensitive to light. Solar inks go on clear and burst into rainbow brights when exposed to sunlight. Rich with color and pigment, they’re striking on dark and black t-shirts.
  • Spot color
    A spot color is any color generated by an ink that is printed using a single run.
  • Squeegee
    A squeegee is a tool with a flat, smooth rubber blade, used in screen printing to force ink through the printing screen and onto the substrate.
  • Strike-off
    A strike-off, or sample, is a test print performed prior to production. Artwork is checked for proper registration, colors, and placement.
  • Sublimation
    Sublimation is a process by where dyes are printed onto a transfer medium and then to an object or garment under the heat and pressure delivered by a heat press. Sublimation only works on polyester garments. When the heat and pressure are applied, the dye on the transfer medium sublimates, or becomes a gas, and […]
  • Sustainability
    Sustainability refers to the creation of manufactured products through economically-sound processes that minimize negative environmental impacts while conserving energy and natural resources.
  • Thermochromic ink
    Thermochromic inks are temperature sensitive compounds that temporarily change color with exposure to heat. The ink is colored at room temperature, becoming translucent when exposed to heat and revealing the underlying graphic. They can be mixed with other colors to create a two-tone effect.
  • TIFF
    A TIFF (Tagged Image File Format) is a commonly used file format for images. TIFF files can be saved without compression, or they can be compressed to lower file size, similar to JPEG files.
  • Tri-blend
    A tri-blend is a blend of three different fabrics; cotton, polyester, and rayon. The result is a softer feel with elasticity.
  • UPC Sticker
    The Universal Product Code (UPC) is a barcode symbology consisting of 12 numerical digits, which are uniquely assigned to each trade item.
  • Vector art
    Vector art graphics are based on paths and shapes. They can be scaled by any amount without degrading quality.
  • Water-base ink
    Water-based inks have a soft hand feel and is composed of base and pigments. Pigments are added to base to create colors.
  • Weight (yarn)
    Weight is measured in ounces or grams per square yard. The finer the yarn count the lighter the fabric weight.
  • Yarn
    Yarn is a continuous length of interlocked fibers, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, knitting, and embroidery.
  • Zigzag Stitch
    The Zig-Zag is a running stitch that runs in a opposite direction to simulate a zig zag pattern. This pattern can be worked to simulate zig zags or multiple passes by passing the needle in and out of the fabric. Zig Zag stitches may be of varying length, but typically more thread is visible on […]